A Montana firearm bill of sale is a receipt for the private sale of a firearm that is signed by both parties. The document should provide the item price, serial number, make, and model, as well as the contact information of the buyer and the seller. It is important to note that residents of Montana are not required to complete a background check or possess a permit to purchase a firearm. Furthermore, state law allows residents to open carry firearms without a permit if they are outside of areas where weapons are prohibited (schools, banks, government buildings, etc.). Although a bill of sale is not required for the purchase and sale of firearms, it is recommended that private vendors use this form to protect themselves from any possible liability regarding the ownership of firearms that they have sold
- Firearm laws – Article 2, Section 12 and Title 45, Chapter 8, Part 3 (Weapons)
- Background check required? No.
- Permit required to purchase? No.
Concealed Carry Laws
Statute – § 45-8-321
Individuals must have a Montana or out-of-state permit to carry a concealed weapon in the state. To apply for a Concealed Weapons Permit, individuals will need to fulfill the below criteria before submitting an application (view sample PDF) to their county sheriff’s office.
- Be a Montana resident for at least six (6) months
- Be at least eighteen (18) years old
- Be a citizen/lawful resident of the U.S.
- Not be a convicted felon