An Alabama general warranty deed conveys a property owner’s interest in real estate to a new owner (the grantee) with a guarantee that the grantor holds a clear and unencumbered title. This deed type provides complete protection to the grantee through its warranties and covenants. It promises that the property is free of any title issues and that the grantor was the property’s owner at the time of the transfer.
The party filling in the form (typically the grantor) will need to obtain the property’s legal description, which is a paragraph that formally describes the location of the real estate in relation to other landmarks. The grantor(s) will need to sign the deed (in the presence of a notary or subscribing witness) prior to having the deed recorded with the local probate judge.
- Statutes: Title 35, Chapter 4
- Formatting: There are no state-wide standards; however, counties may set their own formatting requirements.
- Signing Requirements (§ 35-4-20, § 35-4-23, § 35-4-29): Notarial acknowledgment or attestation by one (1) subscribing witness (or two (2) subscribing witnesses if the grantor cannot physically sign).
- Form RT-1 (Real Estate Sales Validation): Submitted to the Probate Court when presenting a deed for recordation.
- Where to Record: Probate Court
- Recording Fees: Approximately $9 to $16 for the first page + $3 for each additional page