A letter of intent (LOI) to purchase a business is a document that introduces the terms of a potential business acquisition. The letter is created by the seller and interested buyer to express their intentions in doing business and present an overview of the terms and conditions they expect. This step is taken before a formal purchase agreement is drafted to make sure both parties are on the same page and willing to negotiate.
1. Name the Parties
Provide the full names and mailing addresses of the buyer and seller. If one or both of the parties is a company, provide the name of that company instead.
2. Identify the Business
The parties must identify the name of the business being considered for purchase.
3. Establish the Payment Terms
The letter should include the proposed purchase price and due date. If applicable, the parties may also state whether a deposit is required and whether the buyer will require financing.
4. Detail the Terms and Conditions
Letters of intent include both binding and non-binding clauses in the agreement. Generally, the buyer has the right not to go through with the purchase. However, the parties are bound to any confidentiality, deposit, and good faith provisions.
5. Sign the Letter
Once the required information is provided, the parties may sign and date the letter.
LETTER OF INTENT
to Purchase Business
Date: [DATE] (the “Effective Date”)
[SENDER STREET ADDRESS]
[SENDER CITY, STATE, ZIP]
[RECIPIENT STREET ADDRESS]
[RECIPIENT CITY, STATE, ZIP]
RE: Purchase of a Business Entity
This Business Purchase Letter of Intent (the “Letter”) sets forth the proposed terms and conditions of the Purchase described hereunder and shall govern the relationship between the Buyer and Seller (the “Parties”) until replaced by a definitive, formal agreement addressing the same purchase and subject matter (the “Definitive Agreement”). The Purchase considered in this Letter and in the Definitive Agreement is subject in all respects to the following:
1. THE BUYER. [BUYER NAME] (the “Buyer”) with a mailing address of [ADDRESS].
2. THE SELLER. [SELLER NAME] (the “Seller”) with a mailing address of [ADDRESS].
3. THE BUSINESS. [BUSINESS NAME] (the “Business”).
4. THE PURCHASE. Unless otherwise agreed to by the Parties, the Buyer agrees to pay the Seller the amount of $[PURCHASE PRICE] (the “Purchase Price”) in exchange for [PERCENTAGE]% ownership interest in the Business (the “Purchase”).
5. PAYMENT. Payment shall be made as follows: [DESCRIBE MANNER OF PAYMENT].
6. DEPOSIT. The Parties agree that a deposit is: [REQUIRED/NOT REQUIRED].
7. FINANCING. The Buyer has made it known this Letter is [CONDITIONAL/NOT CONDITIONAL] upon financing.
8. SELLER’S CONDUCT. Until the closing date of the Purchase, the Seller must continue to fulfill their responsibilities in the best interests of the Business and shall not engage in any conduct that would adversely affect the Business and its respective operations.
9. ACCESS TO INFORMATION. The Buyer and their advisors shall have full access to the Business’s information, and they will be held to a fiduciary duty of confidentiality and must not misappropriate or disclose the information to any third (3rd) parties without the Seller’s authorization.
10. CONFIDENTIALITY. The Seller and Buyer shall maintain the negotiations and pertinent information confidential and limited only to the parties’ advisors, internal staff, or other necessary third (3rd) parties. Press or public releases are prohibited without prior mutual written authorization from the parties or as required by law.
11. GOOD FAITH NEGOTIATIONS. The Buyer and Seller are expected to negotiate the terms of the Purchase herein in good faith.
12. EXCLUSIVE OPPORTUNITY. The Buyer and Seller shall refrain from entering into negotiations or discussions concerning the Business with any other party unless another agreement (e.g., option to purchase, first right of refusal, etc.) is already in place.
13. INTENTION OF THE PARTIES. This Letter sets forth the intentions of the Parties to use reasonable efforts to negotiate, in good faith, a Definitive Agreement with respect to all matters herein. Notwithstanding paragraphs 6, and 8 through 15, which shall be legally binding, any legal obligations with respect to all other matters shall only arise if and when the Parties execute and deliver a Definitive Agreement.
14. GOVERNING LAW. This Letter shall be governed under the laws of the State of [STATE NAME].
Seller Signature: ___________________ Date: [MM/DD/YYYY]
Print Name: [SELLER NAME]
Buyer Signature: ___________________ Date: [MM/DD/YYYY]
Print Name: [BUYER NAME]
Creating a letter of intent to purchase a business at the start of negotiations minimizes the parties’ risk and liability. The buyer can clearly demonstrate their intention to buy the business and is granted access to the business’s information for review as part of the due diligence process. The seller can benefit as there are usually confidentiality clauses written into the contract to protect the materials from third-party disclosure.
The letter can also establish an exclusivity period where the seller agrees not to enter into negotiations with other buyers. Due to the non-binding nature of a letter of intent, the buyer is free to back out of the deal with little-to-no consequence.