A South Dakota LLC operating agreement is a limited liability company’s governing contract that outlines the structure and internal affairs of the company. According to state law, executing an operating agreement is optional for members of a limited liability company. However, having this agreement in place will ensure the members benefit from the LLC, namely the reduction of financial liability.
An LLC operating agreement will contain provisions such as member ownership percentages, management and voting rights, capital contributions, distributions, and the dissolution of the company. Creating a written document with all the necessary provisions and stipulations will help prevent conflict amongst the members and protect the company’s the limited liability status.
Single-Member LLC Operating Agreement – A contract used by an LLC with only one (1) member to write out the rules, regulations, and structure of internal affairs of the entity.
Multi-Member LLC Operating Agreement – This agreement is employed when an LLC with more than one (1) member wishes to establish terms and conditions to regulate the company.
- Chapter: Title 47, Chapter 34A
- Definitions: § 47, 34A, 101
- Formation: § 47, 34A, 202.1
- Naming of LLCs: § 47, 34A, 105, 106, and 107
- Step 1 – Name the LLC
- Step 2 – Nominate Registered Agent
- Step 3 – File Articles of Organization
- Step 4 – Create Operating Agreement
- Step 5 – Obtain an EIN
An LLC needs a name that is both unique and complies with state law (a complete list of requirements is outlined in § 47, 34A, 105).
To ensure uniqueness, the Secretary of State’s Business Name Availability web portal can be used to conduct an exact search for a business name. Alternatively, the Business Information Search can be used to enter one (1) or more keywords to bring up a list of all business names that contain those search words.
An Application for Reservation of Name can be filed with the SOS along with a $25 fee to hold the name for one hundred and twenty (120) days.
A registered agent is an individual or entity responsible for receiving tax forms, legal documents, and other government or official correspondence on behalf of the LLC.
A member of the LLC can be selected as the registered agent for the company as long as they are eighteen (18) years or older, have a physical address in South Dakota, and they’re available in person during normal business hours.
It is recommended that the LLC hire a commercial registered agent as the benefits often greatly outweigh the cost, which ranges from $50 to $300 annually. The Secretary of State provides a comprehensive list of all Commercial Registered Agents in the state of South Dakota.
In order to register an LLC in the state, members must file the Articles of Organization (or an Application for Certificate of Authority for foreign entities). This form is made up of eight (8) articles that provide pertinent information concerning the company.
- Visit the Form or Register a New Business page on the SOS website.
- Click Start a New Business.
- Select the appropriate entity type from the dropdown menu (Domestic Limited Liability Company or Foreign Limited Liability Company) and click Next.
- Complete the necessary steps and pay the applicable fee ($150 for domestic LLC, $750 for foreign LLC).
- Download and complete the appropriate registration form:
- Attach the applicable filing fee ($165 for domestic, $765 for foreign).
- Mail the form and the check to the following address:
Secretary of State Office
500 E Capitol Ave
Pierre, SD 57501
An operating agreement should be created and signed by the members to outline the internal affairs of the company. This document does not need to be filed with the Secretary of State, but it can be kept in a secure place for future reference.
In order for an LLC to open bank accounts, file taxes, and hire employees, the company must have an EIN, or Employer Identification Number. This is a 9-digit number assigned to the entity by the IRS for tax purposes.
The application for an EIN can be done online through the IRS web portal. Alternatively, an EIN can be obtained by completing the Application for Employer Identification Number (Form SS-4) and mailing it to the address below. Both methods of application are free.
Internal Revenue Service
Attn: EIN Operation
Cincinnati, OH 45999
Filing Options: Online or by Mail