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Maryland Eviction Notice Templates | Laws

A Maryland eviction notice informs a tenant that their landlord may take legal action to evict them unless they correct a lease violation, pay rent, or vacate the premises within a designated notice period. The amount of notice required for a lease violation will depend on the severity of the breach; thirty (30) days’ notice is required for general violations while only fourteen (14) days’ notice is needed for more severe issues (e.g., threats to the safety of other tenants). However, if the tenant fails to pay rent, the landlord is not required to provide advance notice but may instead file for eviction immediately following a late payment.

Contents

By Type (4)

Notice to Quit for Non-Payment Not legally required. The landlord may serve this notice to instruct the tenant to pay rent or vacate the premises.

Download: PDF, Word (.docx), OpenDocument
Laws: § 8-401(a)

 


30-Day Notice to Quit for Non-Compliance – Served on a tenant who has violated their lease. The tenant will have thirty (30) days to satisfy the landlord’s terms.

Download: PDF, Word (.docx), OpenDocument
Laws: § 8–402.1(a)(1)(i)(2)(A)

 


14-Day Notice to Quit for Clear and Imminent Danger – This notice is used when a tenant causes or allows a clear and imminent danger on the premises. The tenant will have fourteen (14) days to vacate following receipt of the notice to quit.

Download: PDF, Word (.docx), OpenDocument
Laws: § 8–402.1(a)(1)(i)(2)(B)

 


1-Month Notice to Terminate Month-to-Month Lease – A letter that informs the landlord or tenant of the other’s intention to terminate a monthly lease in thirty (30) days.

Download: PDF, Word (.docx), OpenDocument
Laws: § 8–402(b)(1)(i)

 


Eviction Laws + Required Notices


How to Evict a Tenant

In almost all situations, a tenant may only be evicted after being served with a written letter known as a “notice to quit.” The purpose of the notice is to state the infraction and the period in which the tenant must comply with the notice demands. It may also outline the remedial actions the tenant can take to retain their lease. Eviction requirements vary in certain jurisdictions, as is the case with Baltimore City. Before proceeding, landlords are encouraged to contact their local district court to inform themselves of any variances.

Step 1 – Prepare an Eviction Notice

There are several reasons why a tenant might be evicted in Maryland, and the type of notice provided to the tenant must correspond with the reason for eviction. If the tenant violates their lease, fails to pay rent*, remains on the property after their lease expires, or creates a clear and imminent danger on the premises, the landlord will have legal grounds to serve them with a notice to quit.

*No notice is required when evicting for the non-payment of rent. The use of a notice in this circumstance is optional.

The landlord must prepare one (1) of the following notices:

Step 2 – Serve Tenant With Notice

The landlord should make several copies of the notice before serving it on the tenant or, if the tenant is not available, another occupant of the premises. If personal delivery cannot be performed, the landlord should post the notice to a conspicuous location on the premises and send a copy by certified mail to the tenant’s address.

Step 3 – File Eviction Complaint

The eviction notice will state the time frame in which the tenant must comply with the demands therein. If the tenant doesn’t satisfy the notice terms within this period, the landlord may initiate an eviction lawsuit by filing a complaint with the district court where the property is located. The type of complaint submitted to the court will depend on the nature of the eviction. Some jurisdictions may require additional paperwork upon filing; landlords should contact the district court to see what documents will be needed.

Eviction Complaints:

Eviction complaints can be filed in person or online using the Maryland government e-filing service. Upon submission of the complaint, the landlord will need to pay the filing fee. The court will schedule an eviction hearing immediately after filing or shortly thereafter. In the latter case, notification of the eviction hearing will be delivered to the landlord by mail.

Step 4 – Serve Summons on Tenant

Each eviction complaint includes a summons that will need to be served on the tenant. The summons will notify the tenant of the hearing date and provide instructions about how they can defend their case. After filing the complaint, the landlord must arrange for the sheriff or a constable to serve the summons on the tenant (a service fee will be required).

Step 5 – Eviction Hearing

The landlord and tenant must appear in court on the hearing date to present their cases. Should either party fail to attend the trial, the court may immediately issue a judgment in favor of the present party. The landlord must bring a copy of the eviction complaint/summons to present to the bailiff as well as copies of any supporting evidence (e.g., lease agreement, notice to quit, ledger proving an unpaid balance). A decision will be made by the court after reviewing the cases presented by each party.

Step 6 – Warrant of Restitution

If the landlord prevails at the hearing, they must file a Petition for Warrant of Restitution (DC-CV-081) with the court. This document petitions the court for a warrant which authorizes law enforcement to evict the tenant from the property (the petition must be obtained from a clerk – see Sample). A filing fee will be required upon submission of the petition.

Eviction for Non-Payment:

  • If the eviction is for the non-payment of rent, the landlord must wait until the fifth (5th) business day following the hearing to submit the petition. The tenant may, at any point before the actual move-out date, avoid eviction by paying the total amount due to the landlord. However, the landlord can ask the court to deny this right if the tenant has three (3) rent judgments (or four (4) in Baltimore City) made against them in the past twelve (12) months.

Step 7 – Evict Tenant

If the Warrant of Restitution is granted to the landlord and the tenant hasn’t appealed the court’s decisions, the landlord must contact the sheriff’s department to schedule an eviction date to remove the tenant from the property. Both landlord and law enforcement can then visit the property to evict the tenant.


Court Forms + Resources

Forms

Resources