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New York Eviction Notice Templates | Laws

A New York eviction notice is a document that informs a tenant that their landlord intends to terminate their lease and gives them a period of time to comply with the notice before the landlord starts legal action to have them removed. If the tenant has broken the terms of their lease or has failed to pay their rent, they can avoid eviction by remedying the situation before the notice expires.

For month-to-month tenants, the landlord does not require any reason to terminate the lease and can do so with one (1) month’s notice. If the tenant does not comply with an eviction notice, the landlord must file an eviction action in court to have the tenant removed from their rental unit. Landlords must be careful to follow state guidelines when serving notices to ensure that their case will not be dismissed if it goes to trial.

Contents

By Type (4)

14-Day Notice to Quit (Non-Payment) – Used for cases in which the tenant has not paid their rent on time and gives them fourteen (14) days to pay the amount due or move out.

Download: PDF
Laws: § 711.2

 


30-Day Notice to Quit (Violation of Lease) – Informs a tenant that they have breached the terms of their lease and gives them thirty (30) days’ notice to fix their violations or vacate the premises.

Download: PDF, Word (.docx), OpenDocument
Laws: § 753.4

 


1-Month Notice to Terminate Month-to-Month Lease – This document can be used by landlords to give tenants one (1) month’s notice that their month-to-month lease agreement will be terminated.

Download: PDF
Laws: § 232-B

 


Immediate Notice to Quit for Illegal Activity – Informs a tenant that their lease is terminated due to their illegal activity on the rental property.

Download: PDF, Word (.docx), OpenDocument
Laws: § 711.5

 


Eviction Laws + Required Notices

  • Grace Period: Not mentioned in state statutes.
  • Non-Payment of Rent (§ 711.2): Fourteen (14) Days
  • Lease Non-Compliance (§ 753.4): Thirty (30) Days
  • Periodic Tenancy Termination (§ 232-B): One (1) Month
  • Illegal Activity (§ 232-B): No notice required.

How to Evict a Tenant

In New York, most eviction cases require that the landlord serves a notice to quit on their tenant before initiating legal action against them. However, if the tenant commits an illegal action or runs an illegal business on the property, the landlord does not need to give any notice prior to having them evicted by a court order. In non-payment cases, state law (§ 235-e(d)) requires landlords to send a written notice five (5) days past the rent’s due date relaying that the tenant’s rent is overdue. If the landlord has not sent this notice in addition to a Notice to Quit for Non-Payment, their case may be dismissed.

Step 1 – Download and Complete the Notice

Unless the tenant is being evicted for illegal activity, the landlord begins the process of removing a tenant from their property by serving them with a notice to quit. Depending on the situation, the type of notice and the length of time before it expires will be different. For non-payment and non-compliance cases, the tenant will have the chance to fix the situation within the notice period and continue their tenancy.

By downloading and filling out one of the forms provided below, the landlord can provide their tenant with the appropriate notice.

Step 2 – Deliver the Notice to the Tenant

When serving the Notice to Quit, it is recommended to follow the same requirements as other legal documents to ensure that they will be accepted by the court (see guide). The requirements state that the landlord cannot serve the notice themselves. They will need to have a professional process server or an adult eighteen (18) years or older deliver the form. If the document isn’t served in-person to the tenant, it must be posted on the premises in addition to being sent by mail. After serving the notice, the server must complete an Affidavit of Personal Service or Affidavit of Substituted or Conspicuous Place Service (affidavits must be notarized).

Step 3 – File the Lawsuit

In the event that the tenant remains non-compliant after a notice to quit has expired, the landlord will need to start legal action to have them evicted by court order. To begin a landlord-tenant case, the landlord will need to complete the Notice of Petition and Holdover Petition to Recover Possession of Real Property forms (for non-payment cases see the Non-Payment Petition Program below). Once completed, these forms, along with the expired Notice to Quit and completed Affidavit of Service, must be filed with the clerk of the City, Village, or Town Court (for properties outside NYC) or the Housing Court (for properties within NYC) associated with the property’s location. The landlord will be charged a fee to file the petition with the Court Clerk (see fee schedule), who will set a hearing date for the case.

The New York State Unified Court System provides the following online programs to assist small property owners in completing the eviction process:

 Most forms require notarization from a registered Notary Public.

Step 4 – Serve the Tenant

Next, the landlord must have a private process server or other adult serve the Notice of Petition and Petition and other forms on the tenant. The notice informs the tenant when to come to court and that they must file an Answer if they wish to contest the landlord’s petition. After serving the documents, the server will need to complete an Affidavit of Personal Service or Affidavit of Substituted or Conspicuous Place Service, depending on the method of service (must be notarized). The landlord will be required to file this affidavit with the court.

Step 5 – Defendant’s Response

The tenant may choose to respond to the landlord’s petition by filing an Answer with the Court Clerk. This can be accomplished one (1) of two (2) ways, either by giving an oral Answer in-person to the Clerk or by completing an Answer Form and delivering it to the landlord and the Clerk.

For non-payment cases in New York City, the Housing Court provides a Non-Payment Answer Program.

Step 6 – Attend Trial 

If both parties attend the trial on the appointed hearing date and do not agree to a settlement, the court will hear the tenant and the landlord’s sides of the story before reaching a judgment. In the event that the tenant does not appear at the trial, a default judgment will be entered in the landlord’s favor. If the landlord wins a holdover case, the Judgment will state the prevailing party, the damages that the other party must pay, and will set an eviction date by which the tenant must move out. In a non-payment trial, if the tenant is able to pay the landlord in accordance with the judgment they will be able to maintain their tenancy.

Step 7 – Evicting the Tenant

When a judgment is granted in the landlord’s favor and if the tenant remains non-compliant, the Judge will issue a Warrant of Eviction that orders the local marshal, sheriff, or constable to evict the tenant. Upon receiving this warrant, law enforcement will serve the tenant with a Notice of Eviction warning them that they will be removed from the property within as little as seventy-two (72) hours if they do not quit the premises.


Court Forms + Resources

Forms

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