Lease Agreements: By Type (6)
|Standard (1-year) Lease Agreement – A residential lease that establishes the rights and responsibilities of both a landlord and tenant for a fixed-term tenancy.
|Commercial Lease Agreement – Permits a tenant to occupy a commercial property for retail, office space, or other industrial purpose.
|Month-to-Month Lease Agreement – A short-term rental contract that renews at the start of each month unless the parties decide to terminate.
|Rent-to-Own Agreement (Lease Option) – Combines a standard lease with a purchase agreement to give the tenant the option to purchase the property if certain contingencies are met.
|Roommate Agreement – Outlines the rules between individuals renting a shared residential space.
|Sublease Agreement – Leaseholders may use this agreement to rent all or a portion of their rental property to another party.
Required Disclosures (5)
- Fire Safety Information – Landlords must disclose fire safety and protection information to all tenants upon entering into a rental agreement.
- Landlord and Agent Information – Tenants must be given the name and address of the landlord or person authorized to act on their behalf.
- Lead-Based Paint Disclosure Form (PDF) – A form used to disclose the use of lead-based paint on the rental premises (only mandatory if the property was constructed before 1978).
- Mold Information (PDF) – Upon signing a lease, the landlord must provide the tenant with a document that describes the dangers of mold and how it can be controlled.
- Move-In Checklist (PDF) – If a security deposit is collected from a tenant, the landlord must provide a written statement describing the condition of the leased premises.
Maximum Amount ($) – State law does not put a restriction on the maximum security deposit amount that landlords can collect from tenants.
Collecting Interest – The landlord is entitled to any interest earned from the deposit unless otherwise agreed upon in writing.
Returning to Tenant – Security deposits must be returned within 30 days after the lease ends or the tenant abandoned the property.
Itemized List Required? – Yes, a statement of the reasons for keeping a portion of the tenant’s security deposit for damages must be provided along with copies of bills, invoices, or receipts for repairs.
Separate Bank Account? – Yes, security deposits must be held in a trust account that is maintained by the landlord for the sole purpose of holding security deposits.
- Exception: If the landlord is showing the property to prospective tenants or buyers, only one day’s notice is required.
Immediate Access – The landlord may enter without notice in the case of an emergency or abandonment.
Grace Period – The grace period for rent payment in Washington is five days.
Maximum Late Fee ($) – Maximum fees for late rent payments are not mentioned in state statutes.
Bad Check (NSF) Fee – Landlords may charge a tenant a reasonable fee for a bounced rent check. If payment is not made within 15 days, they may charge $40 plus 12% interest on the rent check.
Withholding Rent – Tenants aren’t permitted to withhold rent; if a landlord fails to make repairs after being notified, the tenant’s options are to terminate the lease, file a legal action with the court, or repair the issues and deduct the cost from rent.
Breaking a Lease
Lockouts – Tenants cannot be prohibited from accessing the property without the landlord obtaining a court order.
Leaving Before the End Date – If a tenant abandons the rental property, the landlord can charge them the total rent amount for the remainder of the lease term or the accumulated rent between date of abandonment and re-renting the property, whichever is less.
- Exception – For monthly leases, the tenant’s liability for abandonment cannot be more than one month’s rent.
Unclaimed Property – If a tenant leaves personal property after abandoning the rental unit, the landlord must store their belongings and notify them that they will be sold unless claimed within 45 days of the notice.
- § 59.18.060(12)
- § 59.18.060(15)
- EPA/HUD Fact Sheet
- § 59.18.060(13)
- § 59.18.260
- § 59.18.270
- § 59.18.280(1)(a)
- § 59.18.280(1)(a),(b)
- § 59.18.150(6)
- § 59.18.150(5)
- § 59.18.170(2)
- § 62A.3-515
- §§ 59.18.170, 59.18.090, 59.18.100
- § 59.12.030(3)
- § 59.12.030(4)
- § 59.18.290
- § 59.18.310(1)
- § 59.18.200(1)(a)
- § 59.18.310(2)